VOL 3rd Issue 4th , Mar 2015

A Study of Achievement Motivation of Secondary School Students.

Author: Mrs. Prathna V. Lakhiani

The aim was to study an Achievement Motivation of secondary school students. The objectives were to study Achievement Motivation of secondary school students on the basis of their gender, mother's qualification and father's qualification. Descriptive research method was used in this study. Achievement Motivation scale was developed by Ms. Bapat A. The tool comprised of 32 items. The sample for the study comprised of 52 secondary school students (27 boys and 25 girls) studying in Banegar English High School located in Mira Road which is affiliated to The State Board Of Maharashtra. Data collected was analyzed using parametric testing i.e. t-test. Findings of the study revealed that there was no significant difference in Achievement Motivation of secondary school students on the basis of their gender, mother's qualification and father's qualification.

Accounting of International Transactions and Operations

Author: Ashish Arun Mulay

Accountancy is the systematic and comprehensive recording of financial transactions pertaining to a business. Transactions between two or more countries are known as international transactions. In India AS-11 guides the accounting treatment for the effects of changes in foreign exchange rates. International transactions involve two currencies viz. Reporting Currency and Foreign Currency. The value of international transactions depends on the prices of the various currencies. The exchange rate is the price of a country's currency in terms of another country's currency. International transactions are classified in Import and Export. International operation refers to the transactions with Foreign Branch / Subsidiaries which is classified as Integral Foreign Operation and Non – Integral Foreign Transaction. Different rates are use to record the international transactions such as Fixed Rate and Floating Rate for Import and Export; Average Rate, Opening Rate, Closing Rate for consolidating Foreign Branch Accounts with the Head Office Accounts.

The role of newspaper reading on awareness about current affairs and academics of undergraduate students

Author: Dr. Adnan Khan Lodi & Shabia Subuhi

The mass medium is a means whereby mass produced messages are transmitted to a large anonymous and heterogeneous masses of receivers. In a country like India media plays a vital role in creating people's awareness about national policies and programmes by providing information and education besides healthy entertainment. Print media which are regulated by Press Council of India, particularly newspapers are seen as an affordable means of informing public. The present paper deals with its important role of creating awareness about current affairs and academics of undergraduate students.

The post secondary school student's stress in relation to their attributional style.

Author: Mrs. Manisha Gawde & Dr. Hemlata Chari

Psychological stress is a major problem of present era, especially for student population. Any situation that evokes negative thoughts and feeling in a person such as unpleasant, frustrating, irritable, worrisome and anxious is considered psychological stress. According to Chalfant et al, (1990) psychological stress is “a continuous experience of unhappiness, nervousness, irritability and problematic interpersonal relationship.” Psychological distress is effected by many factors like personality, characteristics, demand of situation, attributional style and ecology of classroom. Everybody in this world faces stressors in one or the other area of life. In this modern world, man is making various kinds of adjustments in his social, psychological, economical, religious and political spheres. These adjustment problems have become manifold in the recent years due to multi-factorial causes such as individualization, urbanization, industrialization and many more. An individual does not feel satisfied with what he has and is always in search of what he does not possess. Even school going children are under constant stress due to cut throat competitions and parental demands.


Author: Mr.Deepak Patole & Dr. Magre Sunita Vithalrao

In the present study is aim to investigate the level of life satisfaction of zilla parishad primary teachers on the basis of sex and teaching experience.and also to compare the life satisfaction of primary and higher primary teachers. Headmasters and total primary teachers.The life satisfaction of zilla parishad primary teachers was analyzed on the basis of sex and teaching experiences and types of primary teachers. The result revealed that Overall level of life satisfaction of zilla parishad primary school teachers is an average. Significant difference was not found in the life satisfaction of primary and higher primary school teachers. Significant difference was not found in the life satisfaction of headmasters and primary school teachers. Significant difference was in the life satisfaction of male and female primary school teachers.Significant difference was not found in the life satisfaction of teachers having below 15 years teaching experience and above 15 years teaching experience.


Author: Dr. Joshi Sushil Visnu & Dr. Magre Sunita Vithalrao

Slavin (1992) stated that cooperative learning refers to instructional methods involving small heterogeneous groups working together , usually toward a common goal. He added that this approach to learning involves changes to both task structure and incentive structure. The task structure refers to the ways in which the teacher or students set up activities designed to result in student learning where a cooperative structure involves students working together to help one another . The incentive structure moves away from a competitive one in many classrooms to a cooperative one so that the success of one student is positively related to the success of others. Johnson and Johnson (1994a) highlighted the importance of how students interact, arguing that it can affect learning, liking of school and other students, as well as self-esteem. Abu and Flowers (1997) added to this, stating that cooperative interactions provide students with the skills needed for working with others outside of the school setting. As Johnson and Johnson (1994b), pointed out, however, it is not enough to just put students in groups and tell them to work together for cooperative learning to work. How such groupings are structured will largely determine whether or not they will be more effective that competitive or individualistic groupings. Cooperative learning is important for creating inclusive classroom environments that meet the needs of all students because it takes the heterogeneity in to account, encouraging peer support and connection. Given that most classrooms are heterogeneous, it only makes sense to use an approach to teaching and learning which accounts for this heterogeneity.